Beowulf — The Decentralized Cloud Network for Communication Services

Please visit Beowulf website at https://beowulfchain.com/

To watch the video about Beowulf, please visit: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8R7ZkgcB1yc

1. Summary

Beowulf is a B2B decentralized cloud platform built by combining global computing resources into a supercomputer network on the blockchain for communication services [1]–[5]. Beowulf allows anyone with a computer connected to the internet to earn money, and they are referred to as network miners [6]–[8]. For business clients, Beowulf provides ready-to-use SDK compatible with iOS, Android, html5, Windows, MAC, and Linux to add, build, or operate customizable communication features (voice/video calling, messaging) into their applications in no time, and at zero cost to help them add real-time communication capabilities to their business applications without any entry barriers and at a low cost with paying per minute-of-usage [9]. In addition, with the goal of facilitating secure, high-quality, customizable B2B communications, Beowulf has developed a suite of software services built on the blockchain to help businesses reach a wider audience quicker and better [10]–[19]. The software suite includes QUICKOM [20], a US patent-pending technology [21]–[23] which utilizes QR codes to transform the future of communication for personal communication and call centers with a focus on privacy control [24]–[32]; a decentralized distance learning platform named Victoria [33]; and HANA, an innovative telemedicine platform [34]; and Beowulf Operating System that empowers the Beowulf mining network [35].

In addition to its cloud-computing component, Beowulf’s architecture also includes a publically-run, truly-decentralized, and general-purpose blockchain: the Beowulf blockchain, utilizing the Delegated Proof-of-Stake consensus [36]. This blockchain will be used to record all transactions and events for transparency purposes [37], [38]. With the support of Beowulf blockchain’s high performance, crypto-related businesses can easily issue tokens and manage all of their wallets’ activities on-chain, which helps remove the heavy burden of off-chain management. Beowulf employs a dual-coin structure: one for voting and having a stake in block producing, while the other is a USD-pegged coin for all transaction fees, gas, and activities within the Beowulf network. For an introduction video about Beowulf, please click here [39].

2. Introduction

Over the past decade, there has been a rapid revolution in cloud computing. What had started with a centralized design, became decentralized with the distribution of computing resources, to return again to centralized ownership (Fig. 1). The pendulum swings have largely been dictated by the pull of new technologies and their use cases.

Figure 1: The evolution of computing

We have witnessed the enterprise IT revolution where the use of monolithic IT stacks or building something in-house are gone. Instead, corporate service infrastructure now depends on an ecosystem of multiple services accessible via third-party APIs working together to deliver value to their entire network. For example, Slack has made internal communication channels more effective in the workplace, and Zoom services are increasingly used for audio and video conferencing. Other good examples in the field are Amazon Web Services (AWS) for computing power and data storage, Jira for task tracking, and/or Twilio for SMS two-factor authentication as a gatekeeper for network access. The great successes of unicorn companies like Zoom, Atlassian, Slack, or Twilio the most salient indicators of the market’s evolving nature towards the widespread adoption fueled by enterprise IT concept.

However, these platforms are mired in some trade-offs that are often non-starters for newcomers. One of the major barriers currently hindering smaller businesses from engaging with third-party communications providers is high costs in both human and capital resources, and lack of customizability, which is essential for flexible online businesses today. These businesses have to properly prepare for the peak traffic coming from all of their customers at all times, which can potentially waste at least 80% of infrastructure resources. Eventually, this is a crucial challenge, especially for businesses relying on cloud services.

But we have also entered the era of public blockchain, where transparency with immutable records and decentralized ownership of all participants in the network form a core value proposition of the decentralized world. One of the collateral developments born from blockchain technology is an increased premium placed on privacy, and the innovation that comes with broader public demand for more secure and private communication networks. In addition, the deployment of blockchains has also uncovered some intriguing cases outside of just digital privacy, specifically, in making network infrastructure more reliable, accessible via the pay-per-use model, and available at lower costs. Eventually, it has encouraged the increased participation of people worldwide in this share-economy world, a case similar to the circumstances of the food supply chain.

In light of these movements, limitations, and the real need for communication services across time, space, and borders, Beowulf Network was developed to provide the B2B decentralized cloud network for communication services. Resurrected from the homonymous Old English epic of a monster-slaying hero [40]–[45], Beowulf supercomputer is built by combining globally available computing resources contributed by people around the world. Rather than constantly delivering data back to a central server, Beowulf gathers and processes data in real-time and therefore efficiently eliminates most challenges associated with processing data ‘in the cloud’ such as latency in round-trips, network congestion, and geographical distances (Fig. 2).

Figure 2: Cloud computing v.s. Beowulf Blockchain represents two new concepts of computing paradigms: centralized ownership v.s. decentralized ownership

This supercomputer will be used to serve communication services (such as messaging, voice/video functions) to businesses worldwide without any upfront cost, and all communications-related charges to be based on a pay-per-use model with transparency furnished by the underlying blockchain for integrity and security [37][38].

Beowulf acts as a beacon for businesses and enterprises who wish to add communication features to their own products by offering technology stacks and tools, such as the flexible API and ready-to-use front-end SDK, unique in their simplicity, to easily deploy with minimal time and financial hurdles (Fig. 3). Couple these factors with the purpose-built record of transactions on the blockchain to tap third-party auditability and legal compliance, we also introduce QUICKOM, a US patent-pending technology which utilizes QR codes to overhaul cumbersome phone numbers with complete privacy control for anonymous communications and call centers [46]; a decentralized distance learning platform named Victoria [47]; and HANA, a comprehensive telemedicine platform [48]–[56]. Ultimately, our vision is to offer distributed solutions with superior connectivity and low latency for business clients for whom service interruptions and communication efficiencies often pose a problem.

Figure 3: The Beowulf Blockchain Platform

As an ideal distributed medium to facilitate transparency and intermediate trust, the underlying Beowulf blockchain will record each communication event with an immutable transaction record [34][35]. This means network miners, contributing the computing power, will know exactly how much they earn in real-time, while businesses know exactly how much they spend on the communication services with full transaction details.

For business clients wishing to build with Beowulf, we introduce Beowulf Operating System (Beowulf OS), an Android-based, future-proof operating system which provides an innovative business model for hardware manufacturers to offer free devices to their customers and the ‘open App Store’ concept for zero digital content fee, all protected by world-class security practices.

Beowulf OS runs on a broad range of ubiquitous devices; from smart TVs, smartphones and tablets to network devices such as set top boxes, smart routers, and even robots or autonomous cars. Every Beowulf OS device comes the built-in Beowulf network mining software, so that hardware business clients can offer free hardware to their customers. PCs, laptops, servers, smart TV, etc. all around us are no longer merely depreciating assets; they have the potential to earn income for their owners and will play an essential role in providing the computing power we need for tomorrow’s most exciting technology. Beowulf OS stacks up with a suite of software for communication, distance education and telemedicine, providing an immersive experience with unparalleled performance and system speed enhancements for business clients to empower the world. As an inaugural launch partner, Beowulf OS will power millions of Xelex tablets to serve every economic spectrum imaginable, from farmers and typical smartphone users, to schools and hospitals around the world [57]–[62].

Designed with the ‘open App Store concept’, Beowulf OS doesn’t collect commission on app purchases and is always free to use for manufacturers and developers with full support. In addition, our App Store is fully compatible with the Google Play Store, so they can enjoy flexibility when deploying their apps across stores, saving developers from the cost of making changes to the code.

In addition, we push security even further with the security suite by OPSWAT to provide full protection for all data and devices from threats of viruses, malwares, etc., while giving your users the secure experiences they need.

3. Why Beowulf?

The Beowulf network offers businesses the following benefits when deploying communication functions in their own applications when compared to developing and maintaining their own communication system:

  • No upfront investment cost: Beowulf provides businesses with all back-end communication infrastructure through the use of APIs and access to ready-to-use front-end SDK (iOS/Android/Html5) without building their own infrastructure from the ground up. This will save businesses critical development time, resources, money, and market opportunity.
  • Low operation cost: Businesses can build communication applications in a cost-effective way because of the pay-per-use model or minute of usage model. This will help them save at least 80% on the infrastructure and human resource costs required to manage such communication systems.
  • High quality of service: Most calls within the Beowulf network are local calls which give users the best experience possible because of the nearly uniform distributed computing resources around the world. Beowulf’s artificial intelligence engine will optimize the call routing path to maximize the quality of the calls.
  • Infinite scalability: Beowulf offers on-demand communication services and with a vast amount of network miners; businesses do not have to face the scaling issue as in the case where they own and operate the back-end communication network themselves.
  • Security and privacy: Beowulf employs end-to-end encryption providing the highest level of data security. This helps ensure no unauthorized eavesdropping, as only the caller and callee of the same call can access your information.
  • Transparency: Blockchain components will ensure the transparency of all transactions for billing and payment purposes.

Additionally, Beowulf also offers the following benefits to blockchain-related D’APPs:

  • Tokenization support: Beowulf allows project owners/crypto-related businesses to issue their own tokens or create wallets on Beowulf Blockchain. Our blockchain API is designed to help businesses easily send and receive payments from Beowulf wallets and perform other operations.
  • Mass On-Chain Scaling and Speed: Beowulf offloads the burden of off-chain management needed for D’APPs by providing a high volume processing power from Beowulf Blockchain. Our Blockchain can process more than 80 million transactions per day. All transactions can take place on-chain, and the transaction fee is significantly low at only $0.01 USD (i.e., 100,000 transactions will cost one thousand USD).

4. Benefits to all participants

Beowulf’s aim is to set up a structure that has benefits for businesses across all industries and its network participants.

For startups and enterprises

For communication-related businesses, Beowulf is the most comprehensive solution for them to offer a stack of communication services to their customers at minimal cost with just a few lines of code [63]. This is possible due to our vast mining network of computer resources contributed by miners worldwide with the pay-per-use billing model and with our flexible API and front-end SDK. Because of these, businesses can provide communication features to their customers quickly in a high-quality manner with no upfront investment, no excessive cost on infrastructure and no additional human resources as far as engineering and DevOps needed. In addition, Beowulf offers businesses an infinitely and elastically scalable communication service with security, privacy and transparency. The latter of which has been made possible with blockchain technology. Startups and enterprises can take advantage of our technology stack encompassing a broad range of services sectors, which are especially focused on industries such as healthcare, education, finance, transportation and customer service with QUICKOM, HANA, Victoria and D’Apps (Fig. 3).

For network miners and hardware owners

By sharing computing resources such as PCs, laptops, servers, smart TV, etc., network miners can earn money from the network by hosting voice/video calls. Note that, due to the nature of the telecom package relay, little CPU power is used to host a call. Therefore, the usage of miner’s computer in the Beowulf network will not significantly affect the performance of the computer or cost extra money for electricity. In fact, the mining software can run on Raspberry PI machines or tablets.

To become a network miner, it’s simple as the following three steps:

  • Step 1: Download the Beowulf mining software [5][6], which is free and safe.
  • Step 2: Add in Beowulf Blockchain wallet or register for a free account.
  • Step 3: Receive passive income from the Beowulf network.

An introduction video on how to become a Beowulf miner can be found here [7].

For Supernodes

Supernodes participate in the Beowulf network as guardians of the blockchain and have the right to produce blocks. All supernodes will have equal chances to produce blocks. By doing so, they will earn extra coins and money via block reward and transaction fees for block mining [64].

For blockchain-related D’APPs

Blockchain-related D’APPs can issue tokens and manage their wallets on the Beowulf Blockchain with full support. This is an optimal solution for businesses to scale on-chain with high-speed transaction processing and reduce excessive cost of off-chain management needed for D’APPs, ranging from cold wallet to third-party custodian services. With the help of Beowulf Blockchain, businesses can also easily put all transactions on-chain in a cost-effective way, which is fixed at $0.01 per transaction.

For hardware manufacturers

With Beowulf’s proprietary operating system, hardware manufacturers can offer free hardware devices to their customers. The Beowulf Operating System (Beowulf OS) is an innovative operating system which runs on a broad range of ubiquitous devices from smart TVs and smartphones to set top boxes, and even smart routers. With the integration of Beowulf network mining software in every device, users can now utilize the spare bandwidth and earn income to pay off their devices without any extra costs for electricity or mining hardware. We push security even further with the security suite by OPSWAT to provide full protection for all data and devices from threats of viruses, malwares, etc., while giving your users the secure experiences they need.

Beowulf OS stacks up with a suite of software for communication, distance education and telemedicine, providing an immersive experience with unparalleled performance and system speed enhancements for business clients to empower every economic spectrum imaginable in the world. Designed with the ‘open App Store concept’ in mind for developers, we don’t charge fees for digital features or the contents of the app. In addition, our App Store is fully compatible with the Google Play Store so developers can enjoy flexibility when deploying their apps across stores, which saves them from the cost of making changes to the code.

5. Competitors

There are many service providers offering communication features with the B2B model, chief among them is Twilio. While efficient, these telco giants use the centralized procurement model which often entails significant challenges in scalability, confidentiality, data security, and transparency. Although there have been attempts to resolve these challenges, solutions appear to be selective and only geared towards supporting their own business motives at the expense of consumer interests.

Beowulf was designed to be the very first decentralized B2B communication platform which enables businesses worldwide to add, build, and operate customizable communication features without any entry barriers [9]-[17].

Given the nature of Beowulf network and its design, Beowulf offers four key superior advantages as being intrinsic to a decentralized system, as shown in section 3.

6. Architecture

The architecture of the Beowulf network comprises of multiple components: the cloud network and public blockchain connected together by a payment system with a dual-coin structure [34]. We designed it with key innovative features that can be summarized as follows:

  • Robust network of distributed computing resources worldwide.
  • Near infinite scalability via mass computing resources.
  • Fast transaction confirmation (2.5 seconds on average on a 5-second block).
  • Fixed transaction fee using pay-per-transaction fee structure.
  • Elasticity to address the peak-time problem due to pay per transaction feature.
  • Large volume capability to remove the need for handling off-chain activities by D’APPs.
  • Real money in and out from the communication services.
  • Simple token issuance for tokenization projects.
  • Multisig wallet management for securing assets.
  • Large transaction volume: more than 80 million transactions daily at full capacity.

Cloud network

With the mission of making communication services available to businesses across all industries, Beowulf creates a robust network of global computing resources to serve communication services worldwide. In particular, home computers, laptops, smart TVs, workstations and servers all around the world can be utilized to host communication services in a cost-effective way.

Communication networks generally consist of two main paradigms: the peer-to-peer (P2P) and the miner-hosted communication paradigm. In the P2P model (Fig. 4), the caller and callee are allowed to send voice/video data directly to each other through an internet connection; in the case of the miner-hosted calling paradigm, the server is required to manage the voice/video data for caller and callee (Fig. 5).

Figure 4: Peer-to-peer communication paradigm

While the P2P communication paradigm is an ideal scenario, the majority of P2P calls fail as the current network architect commonly does not allow such P2P calling. This is where Beowulf network miner comes into play. All calls made within the Beowulf network will be treated as local calls instead of international calls as in the case of the centralized model. This is made possible because the Beowulf network miners are uniformly distributed everywhere around the globe from a theoretical standpoint. This is how the decentralized model provides much better call quality at a much cheaper cost.

Figure 5: Miner-hosted communication paradigm

Blockchain

To maintain its integrity and value, Beowulf Blockchain employs the Delegated Proof-of-Stake consensus. We further power our ecosystem with the native dual coin structure consisting of the stablecoin W coin and the BWF coin that allows for a sustainable and transparent marketplace for our services [34].

Each block is produced every 5 seconds with a block size of 2 MB for storing a maximum of 5000 transactions. This effectively enables the blockchain to process around 84 million transactions per day.

Beowulf blockchain fully supports the multisig wallet management for securing assets. Designed and built with the user in mind, it lays the infrastructure for any business objective with security-oriented and flexible functionality, while allowing for easy and intuitive management capabilities. As such, any single wallet can be upgraded to a multisig wallet with a single transaction.

Supernodes are the stakeholders of the blockchain who will have equal chances to produce blocks and therefore earn block rewards; transaction fees associated with the particular blocks created [58]. In order to become a Supernode, accounts will need to hold 3,000,000 or more BWF coins with specifications satisfying the network’s requirements. A step-by-step instruction on how to become a Supernode can be found here [65].

Supernodes are classified into 3 types as follows:

  • Supernodes: Stakeholders of the blockchain. Supernodes are entitled to elect 13 council nodes from among themselves every 105 seconds.
  • Supreme nodes: 8 block producers with the highest stake in the blockchain ensuring the security and safety of the block confirmation and verification process. 15% of the total BWF coins will be reserved for these nodes.
  • Council nodes: 13 active block producing supernodes elected by all supernodes. They are elected every 105 seconds (21 blocks per election x 5 seconds per block).

Each council node and supreme node takes turns to produce a block within a 105-second cycle. For each block to be accepted, it requires the verification and acceptance of at least 16 supreme and council nodes. In the event of a hardfork, at least 15 Supreme and Council nodes are required to create a new chain.

Payment System

Under the dual native coin structure, the rewards for node miners and expenses paid by users/businesses are made in real fiat with a tokenized layer for a payment mechanism that includes a stablecoin.

Token issuance

Crypto-related businesses can issue their own tokens on the Beowulf Blockchain like other modern blockchains such as Ethereum, NEM, or EOS. The token issuance on the Beowulf blockchain will be conducted on a tested issuance template, instead of the smart contract basis, because most tokens only use the transfer function. This could help streamline the token issuance with much more simplicity and security in mind for businesses. Our blockchain is designed with a simple philosophy in mind: we offer everything you need, and nothing you don’t.

Dual Coin Structure

To ensure the liquidity and stability of the network, the Beowulf ecosystem is designed with dual coin structure: the BWF and W coins.

  • BWF coin: The main coin of the Beowulf network which will be tradable on multiple crypto exchanges. This coin is required for becoming Supernodes.
  • W coin: The native coin pegged to 1 USD with 5 decimal places for transaction fees and a cloud service fee within the Beowulf network.

Liquidity

Beowulf utilizes computing power from network miners and provides communication services to businesses. In this process, businesses will pay by real fiat money for the services or W coins if they are able to acquire them on the exchange, while the network miners will earn real fiat money via the W coin. As transactions will be in the form of native W-coin, which is fixed at $0.01 per transaction, the value of BWF coins will not affect the activities of the ecosystem.

7. Use Cases

We provide ready-to-use front-end SDK, API, and a suite of pre-built applications like HANA, Victoria, QUICKOM, etc. for a broad range of sectors, with a focus on industries such as healthcare [66]–[75], education [76]–[107], insurance [108]–[113], transportation [114]–[135] and e-commerce [136]–[139]. The parametric aspect of this technology stack means minimized commercial inefficiencies, and operational challenges; as a result, entry barriers are significantly lowered, and the integration of communication services into their products or outright usage becomes economically feasible. Our ultimate vision is the deployment of a decentralized cloud network for communication services via mass computing resources.

Figure 6: Some current use cases for the Beowulf network

8. Applications

With Beowulf’s flexible APIs, we enable business clients to add communication capabilities to their own business applications. For instance, banks and call centers can use the APIs provided by Beowulf to enrich customer communication channels while ensuring all data and information from the calls are encrypted for complete privacy and security. Our all-encompassing library of API and SDK also covers wallet management, account registration, tokenization, and coins/tokens transactions. In addition, we provide full API support for crypto exchanges that list Beowulf Blockchain’s coins and tokens. More information can be found on our website [140].

  • Ready-to-use front-end SDK

Importantly, Beowulf furnishes a front-end SDK for in-house developers to customize their communications experience across mediums; the network relies on AI to efficiently allocate routing pathways and resources across communications infrastructure. Businesses around the world can leverage the advanced collaborative communication technology in our SDK to build up their own communication services without the burdens typically related with the infrastructure and human resource costs required to manage such systems [9]-[17].

Figure 7 is a demonstration on how Beowulf SDK can transform communication services for transport companies. By levering such ready-to-use technology, transport business partners can improve the quality of lives for both drivers and passengers. To watch a video on how our partner has been able to deliver those values, please click here [123].

Figure 7: Beowulf SDK provides innovative communication services for transport companies to deploy in no time, without excessive costs for infrastructure or human resources

Below are Beowulf Blockchain’s initial suite of ready-to-use applications to help businesses and institutions get started quickly.

  • QUICKOM

As a technological leap using blockchain to provide cheaper, faster, and higher quality services, Beowulf introduces the QUICKOM application, a QR code based solution for anonymous communications and call centers with 100% privacy control and flexibility [141]–[147].

QUICKOM is an inbound communication system built on QR code for call centers and personal transactions that allows customers and users to call you directly by scanning the QR code using the built-in camera on their smartphone. Such QR codes will replace the use of clunky telephone numbers and can be fully customizable for their destination, expiration date, and communication purposes to ensure complete privacy control. Click here to see a video on how QUICKOM helps build better family relationships by connecting parents and children even while they are at school [148].

Figure 8: From enterprises to personal use, QUICKOM is designed to give control over communications back to the user, with a focus on privacy control.

QUICKOM is poised to change the way people can communicate with each other personally. Users can now create their own unique QR code rather than sharing telephone numbers which are historically easy to search for, as they are tied to personal information that is easily and readily accessible to the majority of digitally literate persons. In addition, users will have the ability to control their own inbound calling with options for one-time validity, budget limiting, expiration dates and more [149]. This will give power back to people who are incessantly harassed by telemarketers, and even nefarious parties (Fig.9).

Figure 9: Replacing personal numbers with a printed QR code enables safer and more convenient business communication

For enterprises, QUICKOM will revolutionize call centers and customer resource departments because it will eliminate the need for clunky 10 digit numbers that send customers to automated services [150]. With QUICKOM, business owners can pre-set every call destination to automatically send calls/messages to the correct care representatives. It will also eliminate the need for expensive and redundant software needed to maintain contemporary call centers. Since it is simply a downloadable application, the setting up and onboarding process for employees are virtually non-existent, which can free up time and capital resources for companies to spend on other areas of their businesses [151].

As a benchmark for assessing and monitoring the quality of service provision, every transaction comes with a feedback page that uses a five-star rating and a comment box. Combined with blockchain for billing transparency, detailed reports of each call and historical data can be accessed on-demand at any time on the Beowulf public blockchain.

QUICKOM QR codes can be affixed to various online channels, such as websites, or social media (such as LinkedIn, Facebook, etc.), and offline methods such as catalogs, brochures, and business cards (Fig. 9), as well as devices and equipment for sale, technical support, or customer services. By scanning the QR code provided directly, or found on company social media pages, customers can instantly call the customer care center anytime, or anywhere, without any specific software. This will enable customers who need to reach human resources, or any call center, more quickly and hassle-free.

  • HANA

Hospitals and healthcare firms can adopt HANA technology to provide comprehensive telemedicine services with high-quality, patient-centric remote consultations for their patients via real-time video conferencing. With the two-way interactive board and collaborative tools supported, we facilitate the best-in-class flexibility for the limitless knowledge exchange. These include collaborative screen sharing, file exchange, and two-way interactive communication with endless possibilities for telemedicine sessions using the screen for drawing, annotation making, highlighting etc. Whether it is for the purpose of conducting remote consultations, providing a second opinion, explaining concepts, or practicing therapeutic activities; we make it easy and incredibly seamless.

Figure 10: HANA helps hospitals and organizations sustainably scale their telemedicine footprint to better meet the unique needs of their market.

Healthcare firms require the highest levels of security/privacy for walling off sensitive user health data along with performant communication rails. However, the combination of privacy/security and performance often comes at the expense of high costs for most hospitals in the healthcare sector because privacy/security are non-negotiable components of any communication solutions they select [152]–[158]. With HANA, we help address head-on the legal compliance issues most hospitals and healthcare organizations are facing, with a record of every transaction on the Beowulf blockchain [159]–[161]. Unlike other consumer video communication applications that are often used with friends and co-workers, such as Facetime and Skype, HANA telemedicine remote consultations are conducted using technology that has been designed to protect patient privacy and meet strict patient protections required by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).

HANA supports the efforts of healthcare providers to address illness-related productivity issues, by alleviating healthcare access issues in terms of overcrowded emergency rooms, physician shortages, and long wait times, which have been persistent in rural and urban areas alike. The combination of the two will make medical care and health services much more accessible and affordable to every citizen of the world anytime and anywhere.

  • VICTORIA

Victoria is a B2B distance education platform that empowers schools and educational institutions around the world to conduct distance learning/teaching sessions in real-time via video conferencing. Additionally, Victoria offers a range of learning tools to promote a higher level of engagement among students, enabling students and professors to feel like they are together in the same room in real-time. These include two-way interactive communication, collaborative screen sharing, unlimited file exchange, and the ease of broadcasting from one device to a maximum of 100 devices supported worldwide. Victoria has already been implemented by elite universities around the world, with whom we share the same vision for the world where knowledge exchange is accessible and affordable to people from all walks of life [76]-[107].

Because Victoria is underpinned by a decentralized cloud network, it offers borderless education — and in a way which does not sacrifice personalization or the valuable one-to-one time that learners crave. At the same time, teachers are empowered to automate elements of their lessons and take advantage of hitherto unavailable flexibility, which makes it a win-win for both parties.

While decentralized digital learning is already a component of the modern world, it is plagued with connection and trust issues. Current educator-to-peer digital learning mechanisms are fraught with low-quality transmission issues that result from using traditional web-based networks. Many of the ‘global’ learning platforms that exist also operate on a nearly feudal payment mechanism — organizing a payment happens offline predominantly, in an almost barter-like manner.

Figure 11: Victoria takes ‘distance’ out of ‘distance learning’, providing two-way interactive video conferencing in real-time for more effective learning

With Victoria, we offer high-quality HD voice/video calls even when using 3G networks, and flexibility is granted thanks to a comprehensive pay-per-use model [162]. This also makes Victoria particularly suited to freelance teachers and seasonal tutors, with every video conferencing transaction recorded on Beowulf’s public blockchain for open, trusted verification. Built-in payments, meanwhile, can be made via PayPal or using cryptocurrency.

  • Beowulf Operating System (Beowulf OS)

For business clients wishing to build with Beowulf, we introduce Beowulf Operating System (Beowulf OS), a free operating system for manufacturers and developers that runs on a range of devices from smart TV, set top box, smartphone to smart routers. Beowulf OS will power millions of Xelex tablets [52]-[56] to serve every economic spectrum imaginable, from farmers and typical smartphone users to schools and hospitals around the world. Designed with the ‘open App Store concept’, Beowulf OS doesn’t collect commission on app purchases and is always free to use for manufacturers and developers. We provide full support, so you can focus your energies and resources on what you do best.

Best of all, apart from the suite of software for communication, distance education and telemedicine, Beowulf OS also comes with the built-in Beowulf network mining software so that hardware business clients can offer free hardware to their customers. By sharing computing resources such as PCs, laptops, servers, smart TV, etc., network miners can earn money from the network by hosting voice/video calls [5]-[7]. Note that, due to the nature of the telecom package relay, little CPU power is used to host a call. Therefore, the usage of a miner’s computer in the Beowulf network will not significantly affect the performance of the computer or cost extra money for electricity.

Figure 12: Beowulf is the future operating system to empower businesses to empower every economic spectrum imaginable in the world

Beowulf is working closely with various partners across education, finance, and healthcare industries to develop forthcoming D’APPs on the Beowulf Blockchain. All D’APPs on the Beowulf Blockchain will use W coins for computation and transaction fees. We believe with native oracle services and a resource-efficient consensus, the Beowulf Blockchain will be an ideal platform for existing businesses to build their blockchain applications.

9. Customers and Partners

The Beowulf decentralized cloud network will help multiple businesses tear down the entry barriers to reach a global audience from day one, while enabling a more engaging customer experience so they can delight their customers.

Additionally, the blockchain underlying in Beowulf network is a general purpose blockchain which can support the exchange and delivery of various innovative solutions. Its goal is to solve the problems that current decentralized infrastructures face and build an open innovation platform for frontier technology.

Beowulf is exceptionally useful for D’APPs that require high TPS such as payment, event recording, or event tokenization of company’s project/shares. At the time of this writing, we have more than ten thousand customers and partners with Beowulf. Chief among them are as illustrated in Fig. 13.

Figure 13: Beowulf’s customers and partners

10. Block Genesis and Coin Distribution

10 billion BWF coins will be issued to kickstart Beowulf via the genesis block tentatively scheduled for September 2019. The distribution of the BWF coins is presented in Figure 14. In addition to the initial supply, an extra amount of BWF coins will be issued every year to reward Supernodes for block mining work. Specifically, 10% of the total supply will be issued in the first year; 9% for the second year, 8% for the third year, and so forth until we reach 1% in the tenth year, which will then remain at 1% of the total supply thereafter.

Beowulf’s native coin BWF will be tradeable on multiple crypto exchanges at the $0.01 initial price. In order to become a Supernode, a stakeholder must hold at least 3 million BWF coins and is subject to a 6-month locking period.

Figure 14: BWF coin distribution. The 30% sold to public can be in both native form to Beowulf Blockchain or ERC-20 form.

11. Founding Member Consortium for the Beowulf Blockchain

We will establish the Founding Member Consortium. The consortium’s membership is formed from the network of at most 10 individuals and organizations, with each entity holding at least 1 percent to a maximum of 3 percent of the total BWF coin. In addition, concerning these individuals, he or she must be well-known experts with a highly influential impact within their work or field of expertise. For organizations, the requirements are based on certain evaluation criteria including their significant impact in society as being a well-established industry leader, having a high traffic system and customer reach in their business.

12. History and Timeline

Since 2011, our team’s business has been entrenched in the telecom and communications industry, providing distance learning and consulting services, as well as the so-called Click2Call for businesses and e-commerce websites to offer visual communication capability to their customer service directly from their websites with one click. Our previous generation applications were highly reviewed by reputable technology reviewers such as Engadget [163] and Android Authority [164], [165]. Such an advanced collaborative telecommunication application was acquired by Toshiba Medical in Japan in 2014 to help their customers connect with their senior family members in the medical setting environment.

We then continued to develop the next generation of the EdooPAD technology in 2016 for distance learning with built-in payments via Paypal and cryptocurrency wallet. This technology has been employed by schools to progressively facilitate distance teaching in language programs (English and Japanese) as well as a computer science program.

Keeping abreast of the evolving technology landscape, in 2017, we turned our attention to blockchain due to the payment fee incurred by Paypal and Square, and we wished to bring transparency and accountability to our enterprise suites. This issue led our team to develop GIFTO wallet that helped push blockchain into the mass market adoption with more than 20 million users by providing a pseudo-exchange backend for handling a massive number of transactions. Developing quickly, we took the framework and brought it to its full potential with comprehensive products which include a full crypto exchange with OTC capability, the first exchange-owned crypto-paper trading for crypto trading education, an IEO platform, and a FIATO crypto payment system (in 2018).

By combining the rich experience and knowledge accumulated from these ventures, we are now striving to deliver seismic developments to the business communications industry. Beowulf’s decentralized cloud network is designed to effectively solve inherent pain points by offering four key superior advantages to businesses: quality, cost, scalability and transparency.

The platform is being used for distance learning, telemedicine, home security, finance, and customer services worldwide. Beowulf blockchain is already available on both Mainnet and TestNet as of October 2019, with public distribution of BWF coins tentatively scheduled for December 2019 to enable those who are interested in being Supernodes to become so.

13. Team

Our team comprises of more than 100 team members who are high-profile technology evangelists, blockchain specialists, research scientists, software engineers, and experts from world-renowned universities and institutions such as Harvard, MIT, Stanford, Cornell, etc.

William H. Nguyen, Ph.D., Founder of Beowulf Blockchain

Dr. William H. Nguyen is a serial entrepreneur with a history of successful ventures in telecommunication technology, education and computer/network/data security. He is the Co-founder of Kryptono Exchange and Chief Blockchain Architect of GIFTO wallet. Over the past 10 years, William has built many social networking, on-demand video streaming and telecommunication applications serving tens of millions of users worldwide in the areas of business communication, media, education and entertainment. William is the former Alfred P. Sloan Postdoctoral Fellow at Harvard Medical School. His work then was to develop theory and computational methods for understanding operating principles underlying the genetic regulation networks in living organisms. Before Harvard, he was the Institutional Doctoral Fellow in Computational Sciences and Engineering at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the U.S. Department of Energy Nuclear Weapon Laboratory. He developed massive parallel computing method for studying functions of biological molecules at the molecular level from both statistical and quantum mechanical perspectives. William graduated summa cum laude from the University of California-Davis campus.

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[108] “AIA 베트남, 베어울프 ‘퀵컴(QUICKOM)’ 기술로 보험 분야 고객 서비스 개선 나선다.” [Online]. Available: https://www.dooridoori.com/article/view/8784

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[114] “Tập đoàn Mai Linh hợp tác Beowulf Blockchain (Singapore).” [Online]. Available: https://mailinh.vn/tin-tuc/tap-doan-mai-linh-hop-tac-beowulf-blockchain-singapore-622.html

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[123] Beowulf improves the quality of life for Mai Linh’s taxi drivers via comprehensive telemedicine. [Online]. Available: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7uTDAmEQ_EQ

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[126] “Beowulf Blockchain Partners with Mai Linh Taxi Firm to Provide Communication Service.” 07-Oct-2019 [Online]. Available: https://news.shockdeals.net/beowulf-blockchain-partners-with-mai-linh-taxi-firm-to-provide-communication-service/

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[129] “Beowulf Blockchain và Tập đoàn Mai Linh ký kết hợp tác phát triển dự án công nghệ.” [Online]. Available: http://thv.vn/beowulf-blockchain-va-tap-doan-mai-linh-ky-ket-hop-tac-phat-trien-du-an-cong-nghe-e51447.html

[130]“Beowulf Blockchain partners with Mai Linh taxi firm to provide communication service.”04-Oct-2019 [Online]. Available: https://www.3wblockchain.com/2019/10/04/beowulf-blockchain-partners-with-mai-linh-taxi-firm-to-provide-communication-service/

[131]“Beowulf Blockchain Partners with Mai Linh Taxi Firm to Provide Communication Service.”04-Oct-2019 [Online]. Available: https://dcsmarketcap.com/et/crypto-news/9979/beowulf-blockchain-partners-mai-linh-taxi-firm-provide-communication-service

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[136] “QUICKOM Partners with Vietnam’s Largest Online Wholesale Marketplace to Enable Its 35 Thousand Merchants to Provide Innovative Call Centers.” [Online]. Available: https://tokenpost.com/QUICKOM-Partners-with-Vietnams-Largest-Online-Wholesale-Marketplace-to-Enable-Its-35-Thousand-Merchants-to-Provide-Innovative-Call-Centers-3477

[137] “QUICKOM Partners with Vietnam’s Largest Online Wholesale Marketplace to Enable Its 35 Thousand Merchants to Provide Innovative Call Centers.” 18-Sep-2019 [Online]. Available: https://thecryptosight.com/quickom-partners-with-vietnams-largest-online-wholesale-marketplace-to-enable-its-35-thousand-merchants-to-provide-innovative-call-centers/

[138] Publish Alliance, “QUICKOM Partners with Vietnam’s Largest Online Wholesale Marketplace to Enable Its 35 Thousand Merchants to Provide Innovative Call Centers,” TheNews.Asia, 19-Sep-2019. [Online]. Available: https://thenews.asia/quickom-partners-with-vietnams-largest-online-wholesale-marketplace-to-enable-its-35-thousand-merchants-to-provide-innovative-call-centers/

[139] 엘민미디어, “퀵컴(QUICKOM), 베트남 최대 온라인 도매 시장과 협약…3만 5000개 매장에 콜센터 지원한다 — TokenPost,” TokenPost. [Online]. Available: https://www.tokenpost.kr/article-18373

[140] “Beowulf — Connect People by The People.” [Online]. Available: https://beowulfchain.com/developer-guide

[141] W. H. N. Ph. D, “Could a QR Code Replace Your Phone Number?,” 26-Jul-2019. [Online]. Available: https://blog.usejournal.com/could-a-qr-code-replace-your-phone-number-171ccd2c12c5

[142] “Could a QR Code Replace Your Phone Number?” [Online]. Available: https://tokenpost.com/Could-a-QR-Code-Replace-Your-Phone-Number-2736

[143] “Are QR Codes The Future of Communication?” 23-Jul-2019 [Online]. Available: https://thecryptosight.com/are-qr-codes-the-future-of-communication/

[144] C. A. Tra, “Liệu mã QR có thể thay thế số điện thoại của bạn không?” [Online]. Available: https://khoahocvacongnghevietnam.com.vn/khcn-trung-uong/24892-lieu-ma-qr-co-the-thay-the-so-dien-thoai-cua-ban-khong.html

[145] 엘민미디어, “QR코드가 전화번호를 대체할 수 있을까 — TokenPost,” TokenPost. [Online]. Available: https://www.tokenpost.kr/article-14598

[146] 엘민미디어, “QR 코드를 통한 비즈니스 커뮤니케이션의 변화 — TokenPost,” TokenPost. [Online]. Available: https://www.tokenpost.kr/article-17192

[147] “星传媒.” [Online]. Available: https://mobile.marschinalink.com/newBrowser/66615?from=singlemessage&isappinstalled=0

[148] Beowulf Blockchain, “QUICKOM empowers families to accompany their kid on the journey of life,” 12-Aug-2019. [Online]. Available: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tF0m6cfis8U.

[149] Beowulf Blockchain, “How to create your QUICKOM QR code for anonymous communication,” 20-Aug-2019. [Online]. Available: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FhZskAxi2gU&t=5s

[150] Beowulf Blockchain, “Scan to book your favorite restaurants with QUICKOM!,” 11-Sep-2019. [Online]. Available: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gcr-SojH_Tw

[151] Beowulf Blockchain, “How to set up QUICKOM Call Center on your phone,” 01-Aug-2019. [Online]. Available: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KyzTRY3vN9s&t=4s

[152] “New U.S. Health Law paves way for Blockchain-based Telemedicine.” [Online]. Available: https://tokenpost.com/The-New-US-Law-on-In-home-Health-Services-Will-Open-the-Floodgates-for-Blockchain-related-Telemedicine-2718

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15. Disclaimers

  • NO WARRANTY FOR INFORMATION PROVIDED IN THIS DOCUMENT

All information is provided without any warranties of any kind and Beowulf PTE LLC, its employees, officers and/or advisors make no representations and disclaim all express and implied warranties and conditions of any kind and each of Beowulf PTE LLC, its employees, officers and/or professional advisors assume no responsibility or liability to you or any third party for the consequence of relying on such information, errors or omissions in such information or any action resulting therefrom.

The information set out in this document may contain statements that are deemed to be “forward-looking statements”. Such statements are prospective in nature and are not statements of historic facts. Some of these statements can be identified by forward-looking terms such as “aim”, “target”, “project”, “should”, “anticipate”, “believe”, “if”, “intend”, “may”, “plan”, “could”, “estimate”, “probable”, “expect”, “possible”, “would”, “will” or other similar terms. However, these terms are not exhaustive. Forward-looking statements inherently contain risks and uncertainties as they relate to events or circumstances in the unforeseeable future. Therefore, the information, opinions and forward-looking statements, including estimates and projections, in this document in respect of the anticipated roadmaps, development and projected terms and performance of the relevant entities, are selective and subject to adjustments, updates, expansions, revisions, independent verifications and amendments.

Beowulf PTE LLC is not making any representation or warranty or undertaking, including those in relation to the truth, accuracy and completeness of any of the information set out in this paper. Beowulf PTE LLC also expressly disclaims any obligation or undertaking to update or revise any forward-looking statements except to the extent required by law and neither Beowulf PTE LLC, its employees, officers or professional advisors make any assurance, representation or guarantee that any event referred to in a forward-looking statement will actually occur. Whilst Beowulf PTE LLC intends to achieve all the goals set out in this document, the goals may change or may not be achieved without any notice to you in case of unforeseen circumstances.

  • THIS DOCUMENT DOES NOT CONSTITUTE AN OFFER

This document is for information purposes only and does not constitute or form, and is not intended to be, an offer or solicitation of an offer to buy or sell, subscribe for, underwrite or purchase any form of investment or securities or other financial instruments, nor shall it or any part of it form the basis of, or be relied upon in any way in connection with, any contract or investment decision relating to the same.

  • THIS DOCUMENT DOES NOT CONSTITUTE ADVICE

The contents of this document do not constitute legal, financial, tax or other advice. You must conduct your own due diligence and ensure you comply with all local laws regarding cryptocurrency, tax, securities and other regulations in your jurisdiction. We encourage you to consult with the relevant professional advisors independently.

  • THIS DOCUMENT DOES NOT CONSTITUTE AN AGREEMENT

This document shall not be relied on to enter into any contract or to form the basis of any investment decision.

  • THIS DOCUMENT IS NOT AN ADVERTISEMENT

This document is for general information purposes only and is not an advertisement, nor is it intended to be used to call for an offer on behalf of Beowulf PTE LLC. The distribution of this document may be restricted or prohibited by law or any regulatory authority in your jurisdiction. Recipients of this document should inform themselves of, and comply with, all such restrictions or prohibitions and Beowulf PTE LLC does not accept any liability to any person in relation thereto.

  • REGULATORY RISKS

The regulatory status of cryptographic tokens, including any digital currency, digital assets and blockchain applications is unclear or unsettled in many jurisdictions. The publication and dissemination of this document does not imply that it is compliant with any relevant laws, regulations and rules. This document has not been examined or approved by any regulatory authority. Where any relevant governmental authority makes changes to existing laws, regulations and/or rules, or where financial institutions make certain commercial decisions, it may have a material adverse effect and/or impair the ability of any relevant entity referred to in this document to function as intended, or at all.

Enabling businesses to build cloud-related business without barriers

Enabling businesses to build cloud-related business without barriers